The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has recently revealed that home quarantine and maintenance of social distance by those people showing symptoms of coronavirus can flatten the curve of the outbreak of the deadly disease.
As per reports, the study was done by using a simple mathematical model of infectious disease transmission.
According to the findings of the study, home quarantine of the symptomatic people may reduce the expected number of cases by 62 per cent and the peak number of cases by 89 per cent.
Moreover, the study also revealed that entry screening of symptomatic travellers can also reduce community transmission of the deadly virus by three days to three weeks.
The objective of the study was to find out if it was possible to prevent or delay, the local outbreaks of COVID-19 through restrictions on travel from abroad.
It was also carried out to find out how quarantine of symptomatic persons can reduce the extent of community transmission of COVID-19.
“We found that strictly implementing social distancing measures such as home quarantine of symptomatics and suspected cases will reduce the overall expected number of cases by 62 per cent and the peak number of cases by 89 per cent, thus ‘flattening’ the curve and providing more opportunities to us for interventions,” stated the findings.
“Once the virus establishes transmission within the community, quarantine of the symptomatic may have a meaningful impact on disease burden. These model projections are subject to substantial uncertainty. It can be further refined to understand more about the natural history of infection of this novel virus and at which rate the virus transmits among susceptible individuals,” it added.