The apex court on Wednesday took up a batch of petitions that challenged the constitutional validity of the Citizenship (Citizenship) Act or CAA.
Gogoi attended the court as a lawyer last time in 1983 to argue a case.
The former CM was in the court to assist his party colleague P Chidambaram.
In total 60 petitions have been filed in the apex court against the Citizenship Act.
The Supreme Court, however, adjourned the matter till January 22, 2020, after issuing a notice to the Centre.
In the Northeast, especially Assam, there have been widespread protests against CAA.
Several student bodies including AASU, NESO and others joined the anti CAA protests in the Northeast.
Mobile internet services in Assam, Tripura, and Meghalaya have been suspended.