India ranks second in global tea production just behind China and that is all thanks to Assam. Assam is considered to be largest single tea growing region in the globe.
India produces 900,094 tonnes of tea on average each year. From the huge amounts of tea that the country produces each year, it consumes 70 percent of the total produce. Our country excusively produces the popular Assam and Darjeeling varieties of tea.
The British discovered wild tea plants in the forests of Assam in 1823 after which the state began producing tea. It is estimated that 17 percent of workers in the state are engaged in tea production.
There are more than 850 tea estates and more than 2500 tea gardens in Assam covering thousands of acres of land of the state. Assam accounts for 1/6th of the tea produced in the world and 52 percent in the country.
Tea gardens of Assam are mostly located in Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat Darrang and Sonitpur. Tea grows mainly in the low-lying plains of Barak and Brahmaputra.
Although Assam is mainly known for its black tea, it also produces small quantities of green and white teas. A full-leaf Assam tea is known for its bright color, and rich flavor. The low altitude, rich loamy soil conditions, ample rainfall and a unique climate makes the production of some of the finest orthodox tea leaves possible.
Tea also contributes greatly to the state’s as well as India’s economy.