The Central Government is yet to set any deadline for signing the final accord with Naga insurgent groups. A draft plan for the Naga Accord recently came out which was vehemently criticised by the Assam Congress demanding that the Accord be made open for the public.
A 21-point draft agreement (Framework Agreement) was published through the media recently with the mentioning of all the points in the agreement. The Framework Agreement was signed between the National Socialist Council of Nagaland – Isaac Muivah (NSCN-IM) with the Union Ministry of Home Affairs at New Delhi on August 3 in 2015 in presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
According to sources, there was a suggestion for the Central Government to defer the Assembly polls before the announcement of poll dates. In this regard, Naga Hoho had written to Prime Minister Modi seeking postponement of the Assembly elections till the Naga issue is resolved.
The Greater Nagalim demand, which is based on the belief of ‘Naga soil’, includes Naga-inhabited areas bordering Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh besides the present State of Nagaland.
The draft agreement, which is available with the media now, suggests that separate development councils be constituted for a period of ten years to execute the development programme in 10 Naga -inhabited districts one of which is Assam’s Dima Hasao, two in Arunachal Pradesh – Tirap and Changland and seven districts in Manipur.
It has also been mentioned in the draft that the representatives of all factions of Naga militant groups viz. NSCN-IM, NSCN-K, NSCN-R, NSCN-U, NNC-A, NNC-NA and ZUF will appear in person along with their weapons and identity cards besides five copies of recent passport size photos and surrender their arms and ammunitions in front of Army officials and Central Government Emissary at stipulated place and time, which will remain under Army’s custody.
As per the draft agreement, as reported, a cell in PMO should be created to monitor the implementation of the Naga Agreement; Dima Halom Daoga (DHD) Agreement in Dima Hasao District (NC Hills) of Assam; All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) Agreement; Bodo Agreement of Assam and Chakma Rehabilitation and Repatriation in Mizoram.
“This is necessary because non-implementation or partial implementation of these agreements have caused loss of faith in Central Government and respective State governments,” stated in the agreement as reported.
As per the reported Framework Agreement, there is a demand to increase the strength of Nagaland Assembly to 70 members from 60, enhancement of Lok Aabha and Rajya Sabha seats to two in each House of Parliament.
Moreover, as per the agreement, the surrendered militants, who are willing to live a normal life, shall be provided an ex-gratia payment of Rs 10 lakh each to sustain their family life. This will not include the amount of General Amnesty. All the surrendered militants shall be paid Rs 5 lakh only as one-time ex-gratia payment against General Amnesty.
According to the agreement, as reported, “A Union Territory shall be created known as Frontier Nagaland which will comprise the districts such as Mon, Tuensang, Longleng, Kiphire and Noklak for rapid development of bordering districts adjacent to Myanmar.
Apart from these, a 10-year time-framed Economic Package of Rs 1 lakh crore shall be granted to existing Nagaland for industrialisation and overall development of the State to cover road, rail and air connectivity.