Assam’s girl Barnali Das who hails from Pathsala in Bajali district and her supervisor Prof. Poonam Chandra and the team from National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA) has discovered rare radio stars hotter than the sun.
For the first time, the team led by Das introduced the appellation ‘MRP’ last year to know the characteristics of these stars.
Das and Chandra found that the star produces both left (LCP) and right circularly polarized vibrations.
It said that they had found the rare class of radio stars that are hotter than the Sun with unusually strong magnetic fields and much stronger stellar wind.
The duo has performed the most comprehensive study of MRPs over an ultra-wide frequency spectrum. They have used two of the world’s leading radio telescopes: the uGMRT and the U.S.-based Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA).
The NCRA said the team had also identified three more such stars in the past using the GMRT.
Therefore, of the total 15 MRPs known so far, 11 were discovered with the GMRT, of which eight were discovered in 2021 alone, thanks to the wide bandwidth and high sensitivity of the upgraded GMRT, the release stated.
“These findings are the fruits of a continuous review with the GMRT. So, this study especially resolves the mystery of MRPs,” it added.
The success of the GMRT program has transformed the notion concerning this class of stars. It has opened up a new window to study their exotic magnetospheres, the NCRA said.
“The success of the GMRT program has revolutionized our notion about this class of stars. Though the first MRP was discovered in 2000, it was only due to the high sensitivity of the uGMRT that the discovery of more such stars as possible. The survey’s success with the uGMRT suggests that the current notion of MRPs as rare objects may not be correct. Rather, they are probably more common but are difficult to detect,” said Barnali Das, a Ph.D. student at the NCRA-TIFR, who has been actively studying this phenomenon.
The research work by Das, Prof. Chandra, and NCRA team has shown for the first time that the radio pulses transmitted by MRPs include a large amount of information concerning the celestial magnetosphere.
“The pulsed radio radiation from MRPs is the only apparent signs of the theoretical paradigms which predict tiny pops in large magnetic stars. They occur at particular spots in the magnetosphere of the star. These explosions also have been predicted to play a vital role in controlling the transport of wind materials encompassing the star. They can change the cosmic evolution as well,” Das said.
Das hails from the Bajali district of Assam. She has formerly worked as an intern in National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Pune. Currently, she is a research scholar at the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Pune.
Earlier, Barnali secured 4th and 5th position in the HSLC from Sankardev Sishu Nikatan Pathsala and HS exam from Krishna Kanta Handique jr college Pathsala. She secured the best graduate award in Physics under Delhi University in 2014.
She also won the general proficiency and proficiency medal in the 2 year MSc exam in the subject of Physics under IIT Kanpur.
She received the medal on 28th June 2016. She scored 10 CPI and SPI in all of her semesters out of 10.