The Standing Committee of National Board of Wildlife (SC-NBWL) in its 60th meeting has approved the advisory for management of Human-Wildlife Conflict(HWC) in the country.
The advisory makes important prescriptions for the states/Union territories for dealing with human-wildlife conflict situations and seeks expedited inter-departmental coordinated and effective actions.
The advisory envisages empowering gram panchayats in dealing with the problematic wild animals as per the section 11 (1) (b) of Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
Utilising add-on coverage under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal BimaYojna for crop compensation against crop damage due to HWC and augmenting fodder and water sources within the forest areas are some key steps envisaged to reduce HWC, the ministry of environment, forest and climate change said.
The standing committee approved payment of a portion of ex-gratia as interim relief within 24 hours of the incident to the victim/family.
The advisory also envisages prescribing inter-departmental committees at local/state level, adoption of early warning systems, creation of barriers, dedicated circle wise Control Rooms with toll free hotline numbers which could be operated on 24X7 basis.
It envisages identification of hotspots and formulation and implementation of special plans for improved stall-fed farm animal.
Some of the other important approvals took place during the meeting are inclusion of Caracal, a medium size wild cat found in some parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat, into the list of critically endangered species for taking up conservation efforts with financial support under centrally sponsored scheme -Development of Wildlife Habitat.
Now, there are 22 wildlife species under recovery programme for critically endangered species.
During the meeting, the standing committee also recommended the construction of causeway across Jampannavagu to Muthapur of Govindaraopet and between Jampannavagu to Motlagudem in Mulugu District of Telengana with certain mitigation measures.
It also recommended the proposal for Tinaighat-Castlerock-Caranzol Railway doubling of South Western Railways, Karnataka with certain mitigation measures as advised by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
The National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) is constituted by the Central government under Section 5 A of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (WLPA).
The Standing Committee of NBWL considers proposals after a series of levels of scrutiny and have recommendations of the state chief wildlife warden, state government and the state board for wildlife.
During the meetings of SC-NBWL, the views of the expert members are taken into consideration before arriving at decisions.